In October 1996, ANPPCAN Regional office with the support of the World
University Services (UK) started the Child Right and Child Protection project.
Implementation of the project was done through a coalition of Government
Departments and a number of NGOs. The main criteria for the selection of the
coalition members was that they were already dealing with issues related to
child protection and had representation in the country down to the grassroots'
Ministry of Home Affairs, Heritage and Sports:- Department of Children’s
Ministry of Education;
Ministry of Information and Broadcasting;
Child Welfare Society of Kenya
Family Life Counseling Association of Kenya
National Council of Churches of Kenya
African Network for the Prevention and Protection against Child Abuse and
Neglect (ANPPCAN) Regional Office which also co-ordinates the Coalition.
Activities of Phase I
The activities of the first phase of the project, which ended in September
1999, were aimed at raising public awareness on child rights and child abuse and
neglect. They also aimed at improving the delivery of child protection services
by identifying the existing gaps and formulating alternative or complementary
services. Training was an integrated activity in this process, and various
professionals working in especially difficult circumstances were trained.
The success in raising public awareness during the first phase of the project
generated a higher demand for provision of services and heightened the need to
continue improving the existing child protection services. The training that was
provided for professionals working with children in especially difficult
circumstances has provided them with further insights into the weaknesses of the
current services and generated ideas of how to address these problems
Objectives of Phase II
For further reasons, a second phase of the project was formulated.
Participating members now include those listed above, as well as the Nairobi
Police Department, Kenyatta National Hospital, the Nairobi Hospital, and the
Nairobi Central Business Association and Ministry of Health.
Objectives of the second are as described below:
To strengthen the capacity of Kenyan civil society and
Government to prevent and reduce the growth of child abuse and neglect by
promoting public awareness on Children Rights and strengthen the provision of
services for children in especially difficult circumstances (CEDC).
To continue raising awareness of the issues
surrounding children in especially difficult circumstances (CEDC) with
particular regard to child abuse and neglect among the general public,
especially women in low income urban and rural communities and among out of
school children in Kenya.
To consolidate provision of training and to promote good practice within
the medical, legal, teaching, police and social work provisions, in their
contacts with children in Kenya.
To build capacity at community level of service
providers and communities so that they can themselves address issues of
child abuse and neglect
To improve the coverage, integration and
appropriateness of CEDC and child protection services provided by the
government and NGO agencies in Kenya, especially in low income urban areas.
The second phase of the project is therefore based on
the lessons learnt during the first phase of the project implementation and
recognizes the need to continue with raising public awareness on child abuse and
neglect and especially at the grassroots level. It also aims to strengthen and
improve the provision of child protection services at the national, provincial,
and district levels; to respond to the demand for legal and counseling services
created as a result of the national advocacy campaign; to advocate for changes
in government policies; to build up the capacity of local service providers and
communities to deal with cases of CEDC; to build up a database and develop the
referral system between agencies at national level; and to continue the
training of the professionals in addition to the the training of the communities
in child rights and protection.
Both the Coalition and ANPPCAN have recognized the fact
that the efforts of the first phase of the project were a success and they
believe that this second phase of the project should concentrate mainly on
improving the coverage and integration of services and building up the capacity
of communities to prevent and deal with cases of Children in Especially
Difficult Circumstances (CEDC).